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Block 5 Group 3

Page history last edited by PBworks 15 years, 10 months ago

 

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Our group will be studying Technoserve for the final part of the project.  Technoserve, which was founded in 1968 by businessman and philanthropist Ed Bullard, focuses on providing business solutions to solving rural poverty.  Technoserve's approach is consists of empowering entrepreneurs and building  business and industry, which in turn has the power to transform lives

 

For more information about Technoserve, please visit the website.  Technoserve.

 

 

 

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Sowing the Seeds of Prosperity in Swaziland- The Themba Dlamini Story

 

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Please also visit our page on poverty in Swaziland 

 

Swaziland 

 

 

 

Muhammad Yunus Discusses Poverty      

 

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Davos - Partnering Against Poverty, includes Hernando de Soto

 

 

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This page will adress the issue of global poverty.  Specifically, it will provide a situational analysis of WHO global poverty effects, WHAT it entails, WHEN has it existed, and WHERE it is located.  Through this analysis we hope to show WHY poverty needs immediate and effective attention. 

 

 

WHO does poverty effect?

 

Poverty affects people of all ages, genders, and ethniticities, but women, children, and African Americans are disproportionatey affected. 

    

 

WHAT is poverty?

 

 "Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read. Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water. Poverty is powerlessness, lack of representation and freedom."

   -The World Bank

 

What causes poverty?  There is no definitive answer, however there are many causes that contribute to poverty.  These factors include:

  • environmental facotrs such as drought and sevre climates
  • human facotrs such as war and crime
  • economic factors such as unemployment and low income inequality
  • government factors, countires with weak, unstable governments typically have higher poverty levels than those with lower

 

 

 

WHERE is it located?

 

Poverty is prevalent all across the world, with certain areas being more afflicted than others. Areas particularly affected include sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Eastern Europe, and South America. Of these the sub-Saharan Africa is the area that suffers from the most poverty due to the fact that Africa has a uniquely inhospitable environment for agriculture. The soil is worse, the rainfall patterns are harder and there are far fewer opportunities for irrigation. Furthermore, civil wars and gang wars in these countries have torn up countries and alongside AIDS pandemics have caused many young men to die. The United Nations Development Report stated that the worst 10 countries with regards to poverty were in order: Niger, Sierra Leone, Burkina Faso, Mali, Chad, Guinea- Bissau, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Burundi and Mozambique. Of these, only Ethiopia is not in the sub Saharan region.

 

This map shows the average dollars per day that people across the world live on (based on purchasing price parity).

 

 

 

 

WHEN - What does poverty look like over time?

 

         Despite efforts from organizations such as the UN, World Bank and IMF world inequality has increased. In 1950 the income gap between the richest and the poorest was 35-1 but is now 72-1. Also per capita income has fallen in 50 countries in the last decade mostly those in the Sub Saharan region of Africa. In fact in this area, private capital flows as a percentage of GDP has fallen from 4.3% in the 1970’s to 1.5% in the 1990’s.  However, it is not all bad news. China, after opening its borders to Western business in 1978, has more than halved the number of people living in poverty since. Unfortunately this does not take into account the inequality the country faces between its urban and rural areas.

     Overall, on average, the percentage of people living on less than one dollar a day in developing countries has declined from 27% to 21% between 1990 and 2000, however, on a regional level the sub Saharan region had 100 million more people living on less than one dollar a day in 2001 than in 1990. In fact the world poorest are seeing their benefits from world globalization drop by 73% in the last decade. It is important that all developing areas are helped equally and that world improvements do not mean that everyone has seen those improvements. 

 

Regional Breakdown Of Poverty 1990-2004

Projection in 2015 with UN Millenium Goal 

 

Regional Breakdown of poverty.xlsx 

 

 

Quick Facts About Poverty

  • Half the world, nearly three billion people,  live on less than two dollars a day.
  • The GDP of 41 heavily indebted poor countries(567 million people) is less than the wealth of the world's 7 richest people copmbined
  • Nearly 1 billion poeple entered the 21st century unable to read a book or sign their names
  • Less than 1% of what the world spent every year on weapons was needed to put every child into shcool by the year 2000, and yet it didn't happen
  • 1 billion children(1 in 2 children in the world) lives in poverty, 640 million live without adequate shelter, 400 million have no access to safe water, and 270 million have no access to health services

 

 

Glossary

Poverty Wiki Gloss

 

 

 

 

 

Group 3 Contact Info:

 

STEPHANIE : sao9d@virginia.edu ( 407-619-9864)

DOM: dji4c@virginia.edu (434-249-0023)

MATT : mcc8p@virginia.edu ( 540-223-0060)

LWAZI : nfw5b@virginia.edu (571-247-6883)

BRIAN : btd5k@virginia.edu (804-909-4116)

 

Comments (7)

Anonymous said

at 6:01 pm on Apr 13, 2008

Hey group 3! I really liked how you had a separate page for facts about Swaziland. Instead of cluttering up your front page you have a convenient link to see the country info. Keep up the great work!

Anonymous said

at 6:04 pm on Apr 13, 2008

Hey group 3,

Just wanted to say I really liked the pictures you have up on your page. It really appeals to the pathos aspect of poverty. Also, I really liked how you have relevant videos from stuff we talked about in class (like the Yunus video). Good job! :)

Anonymous said

at 9:12 pm on Apr 14, 2008

Thanks guys, we appreciate the support, keep up the good work as well

Anonymous said

at 1:13 pm on Apr 21, 2008

Great job on the presentation today guys! Skit at the beginning was very effective, and the powerpoint looked very well done. Look forward to Wednesday!

Anonymous said

at 7:02 pm on Apr 21, 2008

Thanks. We enjoyed presenting and enjoyed listening to everyone's briefings. We learned a lot.

Anonymous said

at 7:12 pm on Apr 21, 2008

brilliant work groupies...!! yeh, i think everyone did a really amazing job today...!i learnt sooo much about such a diverse group of cultures in an incredibly short space of time..!!

Anonymous said

at 5:54 pm on Apr 23, 2008

I thought your presentation today was especially great! Good job guys and gals!

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